Refuting Arthur Kemp's March of the Titans
The Aryan Race
Alpine, Baltic, Nordic, dinaric, Baltic, Germanic and Mediterranean--(a euphemism for Brown) People whose documented history started 500 BC and onwards
The Aryan Race is a notion mentioned in the Old Persian inscriptions and other Persian sources from 500 BC onwards. The word Iran itself means "The Land of Aryans" and Indians and Iranians consider their ethnicity and stock as being solely Aryan. Nineteenth (19th) century ethnologists speculated that all "white" European peoples descended from an ancient people called the Aryans. The Proto-Indo-Europeans, possibly originated from somewhere around the Black Sea region from the 5th millennium BC onward. A study by the University of Chicago found that Arab populations, including Palestinians, Jordanians, Syrians, Iraqis, and Bedouin contained sub-Saharan African genes. A possible explanation is the proximity of the Arabian peninsula to the Black African nations. Yemenite Arabs have 35% Black African genes in their mtDNA. Arabs who have Arab ancestors stretching beyond the last 1,400 years, are actually 35% Black in their mtDNA and are from the Arabian peninsula.
The idea of the "Aryan race" arose when linguists identified the Avestan and Sanskrit (ancient languages of Persia and Northern India, respectively) as the oldest known relatives of all the major European languages, including Latin, Greek, and all Germanic and Celtic languages. They argued the speakers of these languages originated from an ancient people who must have been the ancestors of all the European peoples.
To understand the Vikings as a 'people,' 19th-century historians turned to the written evidence of sagas and chronicles. Unfortunately, the value of the written evidence is limited. Not a lot of evidence survives, and much of what we have is either uninformative or unreliable. Many popular ideas about Vikings are nineteenth-century inventions.
Others are the result of early historians accepting sources which modern scholars now regard as completely unreliable. In Scandinavia the Viking Age is regarded as part of prehistory because there are practically no contemporary written sources. Even in Western Europe, the Viking Age is often seen as part of the 'Dark Ages', from which comparatively few historical records have survived.
Surviving accounts of Viking activity were almost exclusively written by churchmen. These include monastic chronicles, such as the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle and similar Frankish and Irish Annals, which outline broadly what happened, at what date.
The ethnic origins evidence developed by both archaeologists and linguists suggests that a people or group of peoples sharing a common material culture dwelt in northwestern Germany and southern Scandinavia during the late European Bronze Age (1000-500 BC). The long presence of Germanic tribes in southern is also testified by a lack of pre-Germanic place names. This cultural grouping, which emerges and spreads, without sudden breaks, can be distinguished from the culture of the Celts inhabiting the more southerly Danube and Alpine regions during the same period.
By the late 2nd century, (200)
BC, Roman authors recount,
Spain were invaded by migrating Germanic tribes, culminating in
military conflict with the armies of republican
Julius Caesar, six decades later, invoked the threat of such attacks
as one justification for his annexation of Gaul to Rome. By the
1st century AD, the writings of Caesar,
Tacitus and other Roman and
Mediterranean writers indicate a division of Germanic-speaking peoples
into tribal groupings.
The Cro-Magnoid European of Grimaldi and the Bushman-Hottentot look like the modern Black man. Aurignacian culture was brought into Western Europe from Africa were termed Neanthriopic. They replaced the old Neanderthal group of men.
According to Runoko Rashidi, "The first civilization of Europe was established on the island of Crete. It is called the Minoan Culture, after King Minos, an early legendary ruler of the island. The ancestors of the Cretans were natives of Africa, a branch of Western Ethiopians."
Minoan Crete, the forerunner of Greek civilization, is the earliest known European high-culture. Although modest in size (170 miles east to west, thirty-five miles north to south), Crete exercised immeasurable influence on the Aegean archipelago, Western Asia and the Greek mainland. Throughout Crete the vestiges of complex palaces, paved highways, aqueducts, terra-pipes for drainage, and irrigation canals provide plentiful proof of Minoan ingenuity in the areas of scientific and technical innovation. The Minoans possessed registered trademarks, uniform weights and measures, calendrical systems based on precise astronomical observations and advanced writing systems. Interestingly enough, there were few fortifications on the island.
British archaeologist Arthur Evans (1851-1941), who conducted excavations on the island, was convinced of African migrations to ancient Crete and noted "the multiplicity of these connections with the old indigenous race of the opposite African coast." The late African-American cultural historian John G. Jackson (1907-1993) advocated the view the Minoan civilization was rooted in Africa, and believed the ancestors of the Minoans "dwelt in the grasslands of North Africa before that area dried up and became a great desert. As the Saharan sands encroached on their homeland, they took to the sea, and in Crete and neighboring islands set up a maritime culture."
Cretan/Egyptian contacts pick up again in the sixteenth and fifteenth centuries BC during the reigns of Egyptian monarchs Makare Hatshepsut and Thutmose III (1504-1447 BC). The people of Crete, whom the Egyptians called Keftiu, were graphically portrayed as tribute bearers on the walls of the tombs of the Egyptian nobility.
Diop, Cheikh Anta., The African Origin of Civilization, Chicago: Lawrence Hill Books, 1974.
The Global African Presence: www.cwo.com/~lucumi/runoko.html
Storobin, David, Esq., "Palestinian Genes Show Arab, Jewish, European and Black-African Ancestry," Global Population (12/16/2004).
Wikipedia Encyclopedia: www.wikipedia.org